If you have already taken one of the flights to Guadalajara and you think you know everything there is to know about the city, then surely you know of the various tunnels that run underneath their most emblematic constructions and buildings such as the Cathedral, the Hospicio Cabañas, the Bethlehem Pantheon and other temples and historic houses, that are connected by underground passages through which they could walk from people on foot to men on horseback and even carriages.
The tunnels were built in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, although it is not known exactly how many there are, but it is believed that about nine out of ten buildings and constructions in the historic center of Guadalajara are connected by these passages.
They have been used by historical figures of Guadalajara
Although the tunnels have had multiple uses throughout its history, one of its main functions was to serve as an escape route or as a hiding place during riots or times of war. They say that Miguel Hidalgo made use of this escape route while he was in Guadalajara during the war of independence. There are also chroniclers who claim that Benito Juárez was another of the historical figures who proved the effectiveness of the tunnels to transport themselves in the city in an unknown way.
They had a great importance during the Cristero War
It is true that the tunnels were very useful during independence; however, these were also essential during the war of the Cristeros. This conflict was marked by persecutions and assassinations of Catholics, so the corridors served as refuge and emergency exit. The tunnels also allowed Catholics to visit temples and churches without being seen and sometimes even secret Masses were celebrated inside.
Although they were built mainly as shelters and means of transport, the tunnels also had other purposes and not all of them so noble, because some say that wealthy families in Guadalajara used to hide treasures and valuables, while others say that there, the elite women were confined to avoid being kidnapped by the revolutionaries.
The dark side of the tunnels of Gudalajara
Inside the tunnels, not only historical vestiges have been found, corpses have also been discovered, many of them corresponding to newborn children and even fetuses. There are many theories about it but the most popular account that nuns or daughters of powerful families used these passages to hide their unborn children and avoid public humiliation. The walls of the buildings were so large that many had two walls and the human remains were generally in the space between these two.
Some are still functional
Although many of the Guadalajara tunnels were blocked during various road works in the city, there are some that have withstood the test of time. It is believed that some of them are still being used, and still others are kept secret. We invite you to learn more about the secrets of the city in your next search for flights to Guadalajara, a land with much to discover.